What is first 1000 days?
This is the period between pregnancy, first birthday and second birthday.
Pregnancy(270 days) + first birthday(365 days) +second birthday(365 days) = 1000 days
Nutrition When Pregnant
Expecting a child gives new meaning to eating well-balanced diet.
A healthy diet during pregnancy is important for both you and your growing foetus.
What you need:
- Whole grain carbohydrates: provide energy for you and your baby.
- Proteins: Eat both plant and animal sources , Builds body cells for you and your baby.
- Fruits/Vegetables: Contain fibre which maintain regular bowel movement.
- Oil: a small amount in the diet is important for the developing fetus for fat soluble vitamins
- Water: Drink plenty of clean safe water
- Iron and folate: Increase your intake of iron and folate rich foods. It is also advisable to take a folic acid supplement (0.5mg) daily, 1 month before and for the first 3 months of pregnancy.
Increase intake of iron rich foods like green leafy vegetables, liver, meat and foods rich in vitamin C to increase availability of iron to the body
In some cases, an additional iron supplement may be required. Your doctor will advise you if a supplement is needed.
Early Childhood Nutrition
Children 0-6 months should be exclusively breastfed. No other food or drink should be given except for medicines as recommended by a trained health care professional.
Benefits of breastfeeding for the child
- Breastmilk is easily digested and lower risk of allergies
- Contain enough water and antigen that protect baby against diseases.
- Promotes adequate growth and development
- It is clean, cheap, the right temperature, readily available and enhances bonding for mother and baby
Remember: Exclusive breast feeding supplies enough iron for the first six months. The high level of vitamin A and other nutrients in breastmilk help the child achieve optimum growth.
Benefits of breastfeeding for the mother
Helps mothers and baby bond
- Helps you get back to your pre-pregnant figure , providing you eat healthy
- Breastmilk needs no preparation
- Decrease the risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer
Feeding children beyond six months
After the age of six months, breast milk alone is not adequate to meet the baby’s nutritional requirements :
- Give porridge and foods that are rich in energy. The porridge should not be thin and watery.
- Give a variety of foods from all the 5 food groups.
- Avoid food that are too hot, peppery, sugary or salty.
- Food should be appealing to be liked by a child.