First 1000 Days

What is first 1000 days?

This is the period between pregnancy, first birthday and second birthday.
Pregnancy(270 days) + first birthday(365 days) +second birthday(365 days) = 1000 days


Nutrition When Pregnant

Expecting a child gives new meaning to eating well-balanced diet.
A healthy diet during pregnancy is important for both you and your growing foetus.

What you need:

  • Whole grain carbohydrates: provide energy for you and your baby.
  • Proteins: Eat both plant and animal sources , Builds body cells  for you and your baby.
  • Fruits/Vegetables: Contain fibre which maintain regular bowel movement.
  • Oil: a small amount in the diet is important for the developing fetus for fat soluble vitamins
  • Water: Drink plenty of clean safe water
  • Iron and folate: Increase your intake of iron and folate rich foods. It is also advisable to take a folic acid supplement (0.5mg) daily, 1 month before and for the first 3 months of pregnancy.  


Increase intake of iron rich foods  like green leafy vegetables, liver, meat and foods rich in vitamin C to increase availability of iron to the body

In some cases, an additional iron supplement may be required. Your doctor will advise you if a supplement is needed.

Early Childhood Nutrition


Children 0-6 months should be exclusively breastfed. No other food or drink should be given except for medicines as recommended by a trained health care professional.

Benefits of breastfeeding for the child

  • Breastmilk is easily digested and lower risk of allergies
  • Contain enough water and antigen that protect baby against diseases.
  • Promotes adequate growth and development
  • It is clean, cheap, the right temperature, readily available and enhances bonding for mother and baby

Remember: Exclusive breast feeding supplies enough iron for the first six months. The high level of vitamin A and other nutrients in breastmilk help the child achieve optimum growth.


Benefits of breastfeeding for the mother


  • Helps mothers and baby bond
  • Helps you get back to your pre-pregnant figure , providing you eat healthy
  • Breastmilk needs no preparation
  • Decrease the risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer

Feeding children beyond six months

After the age of six months, breast milk alone is not adequate to meet the baby’s nutritional requirements :

  • Give porridge and foods that are rich  in energy. The porridge should not be thin and watery.
  • Give a variety of foods from all the 5 food groups.
  • Avoid food that are too hot, peppery, sugary or salty.
  • Food should be appealing to be liked by a child.